Did you know that 1 out of every 4 children suffers from vision problems that interfere with learning? Children with uncorrected vision conditions or eye health problems face many barriers in life, academically, socially, and athletically. High-quality eye care and Sacramento children eyewear can break down these barriers and help enable your children to reach their highest potential! As a parent, make sure you are giving your children the eye care they need – even if that means children’s eyewear. Presented are guidelines from the American Optometric Association.
for Your Children
During infant and toddler years, your child has been developing many vision skills. In the preschool years, this process continues, as your child develops visually guided eye-hand-body coordination, fine motor skills, and the visual motor skills necessary to learn to read.
As a parent, you should watch for signs that may indicate a vision development problem, including:
- A short attention span for the child’s age
- Difficulty with eye-hand-body coordination in ball play and bike riding
- Avoidance of coloring and puzzles and other detailed activities
There are everyday things that pediatric eye specialists in Sacramento suggest you can do at home to help your preschooler’s vision develop, as it should. These activities include:
- Reading aloud to your child and letting him or her see what you are reading
- Providing finger paints, chalkboard, different shaped blocks and showing your child how to use them in imaginative play
- Providing safe opportunities to use playground equipment like a jungle gym and balance beam
- Allowing time for interacting with other children and for playing independently
By age 3
Your child should have a thorough optometric eye examination to make sure your preschooler’s vision is developing properly and there is no evidence of eye disease. If needed, your doctor can prescribe treatment including glasses and/or recommend evaluation for vision therapy to correct a vision development problems.
Here are several tips from our Sacramento pediatrics eye doctor to make your child’s optometric examination a positive experience:
- Make an appointment early in the day
- Allow about one hour
- Talk about the examination in advance and encourage your child’s questions
- Explain the examination in your child’s terms, comparing the E chart to puzzle and the instruments to tiny flashlights and a kaleidoscope
Unless recommended otherwise, your child’s next eye examination should be at age five. By comparing test results of the two examinations, your optometrist can tell how well your child’s vision is developing for the next major step. . .into the school years.
A good education for your child means good schools, good teachers and good vision. Your child’s eyes are constantly in use in the classroom and at play. So when his or her vision is not functioning properly, learning and participation in recreational activities will suffer and children eyewear may be necessary. The basic vision skills needed for school use are:
- Near Vision: The ability to see clearly and comfortably at 10-13 inches.
- Distance Vision: The ability to see clearly and comfortably beyond arms reach.
- Binocular coordination: The ability to use both eyes together.
- Eye movement skills: The ability to aim the eyes accurately, move them smoothly across a page and shift them quickly and accurately from one object to another.
- Focusing skills: The ability to keep both eyes accurately focused at the proper distance to see clearly and the change focus quickly.
- Peripheral awareness: The ability to be aware of things located to the side while looking straight ahead.
- Eye/hand coordination: The ability to use the eyes and hands together.
If any of these or other vision skills is lacking or does not functions properly, your child will have to work harder. This can lead to headaches, fatigue and other eyestrain problems. As a parent, be alert for symptoms that may indicate your child has a vision or visual processing problem. You may want to consider Sacramento children’s eyewear to help correct the vision. Be sure to tell your optometrist if you child frequently:
- Loses their place while reading
- Avoids close work
- Holds reading material closer than normal
- Tends to rub their eyes
- Has headaches
- Turns or tilts head to use one eye only
- Makes frequent reversals when reading or writing
- Uses finger to maintain place when reading
- Omits or confuses small words when reading
- Consistently performs below potential
Since vision changes can occur without you or your child noticing them, your child should visit the pediatric eye doctor in Sacramento at least every two years, or more frequently, if specific problems or risk factors exist. If needed, the doctor can prescribe treatment including eyeglasses, contact lenses or vision therapy. Remember, a school vision or pediatrician’s screening is not a substitute for a thorough eye examination for children eyewear.
Please don’t overlook the importance of safety children’s eyewear when playing sports. Each year, hundreds of men, women, and children are injured when playing sports. To help prevent sports eye injuries, athletes should use protective athletic eyewear whether or not prescription children’s eyewear is needed. One choice is a sports frame with prescription or non-prescription polycarbonate lenses is another choice. Baseball or softball players who are hit in or near the eye, or suffer a blow to the head, should seek immediate care at a hospital emergency room or from an eye care professional.
and Contact Lenses
The important thing for parents and their children who wear children’s eyewear or contact lenses is to remember that they are prescribed medical devices. Contact lenses are not a cosmetic accessory. While the wearer may be happy about his or her new look, it’s extremely important that the lenses be properly cleaned and worn according to the instruction of the optometrist.